I have worked in the aircraft industry and in engineering for twenty-nine years and taught in secondary schools for twenty years. I gained a BA Hons. with the Open University and an MA from the University of Kent at Canterbury. In this novel I draw on my grandfather’s recollections of stories relayed to him by his father who lived through the Ukrainian expulsions as his family fled tsarist persecution and of my aunt, his daughter, who had been a schoolteacher in a pit village in North Wales. I also draw on conversations and recollections of two men from the town of Wrexham where I grew up who fought in Spain in the Civil War and also on first hand accounts and hearsay of the Gresford pit disaster._x000D_
I have three children and four grandchildren.